● The ketogenic diet has high portions of fat and low portions of carbohydrates. A large amount of carbohydrate is replaced by fat resulting in the metabolic state of the body called ketosis in which the body uses fat for energy.
● The low carbohydrate diet results in lowering blood sugar and insulin levels while shifting the energy source of the body from carbohydrates towards fat and ketones. It also helps in burning fat into ketones in the liver and improving the fat storage in the liver.
● A Keto diet is a medical diet and when a diet plan is prepared according to the need and health of the patient, it results in safe, effective and long-lasting weight loss results.
● The regular diet consists of large amounts of carbohydrates, a lesser amount of proteins and the lowest portion of fats. According to this regular diet, the body adapts to the metabolism state in which carbohydrates are broken down and used for energy.
● The Keto diet works by lowering the portion of carbohydrates and proteins with increasing the intake of fats. This helps in shifting the metabolism of the body towards fat resulting in the use of fat deposits for energy called ketosis. Hence the weight loss.
● It takes 2 to 3 weeks for the body to reach the state of ketosis. It is advised to approach a certified doctor for a keto diet plan as it might result in unwanted complications without medical supervision or guidance.
Keto diet helps with:
● Losing weight without being under stress due to hunger or by counting calories.
● Lowering blood sugar levels and improved insulin sensitivity in pre-diabetic and type 2 diabetic patients, reducing Diabetic medications
● It also helps in improving the symptom of metabolic syndrome of high blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
● Reducing risk factors for heart disease like obesity, elevated cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood sugar
● Reducing the risk of cancers
● Reduces seizures and supports management of epilepsy
● Reducing the symptoms and slowing the progress of Alzheimer’s disease
● Improving overall health
● Weight loss and improvement of symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome
● The patient can opt for a ketogenic diet in case of:
○ Non-surgical weight loss
○ Uncontrolled sugar levels in diabetics
○ Improving metabolic health
● The Keto diet is not recommended for patients having medical conditions involving the pancreas, liver, thyroid or gallbladder.
● Always consult the doctor who specialises in weight loss management before starting the keto diet as this diet is a medical diet and needs proper guidance for safe results. Consult our highly experienced doctors for effective weight loss programmes.
At MEDSTAR, we provide the service of a personalised keto diet plan for maximum benefits. After the consultation with our specialised doctor, the keto diet plan is prepared according to the need and medical conditions of the patient for extremely safe and highly effective results. We have the facility of support over the phone for follow up by our clinical team during the diet plan.
● During the consultation, our doctor will guide the patient about the benefits of the keto diet. The patient will be asked for blood tests to know about the levels of glucose and cholesterol in the blood. Then with the help of a nutritionist, the doctor will plan the personalised ketogenic diet for the patient.
● The patient will be asked to record the meals and progress digitally so that the diet can be modified as per the response of the body for maximum benefits.
● According to the requirement, a ketogenic diet can be:
○ Standard ketogenic diet: This diet is very low in carbohydrates (10%) with moderate protein (20%) and high fat (70%) proportions.
○ Cyclical ketogenic diet: This diet plan involves 5 ketogenic days followed by 2 high carbohydrates days. It is used for increasing muscle mass and strength.
○ Targeted ketogenic diet: This diet involves high carbohydrates and low-fat portions on high-intensity workout days.
○ High protein ketogenic diet: This diet includes 60% fat, 35% protein, and 5% carbs, basically a high protein diet.
● The doctor will determine the type of keto diet best suitable for the patient based on the lifestyle, medical condition, age and results desired.
The patient will notice weight loss and improvement in blood sugar and insulin levels within the 4 weeks after starting the keto diet. Adopting an active lifestyle maximizes the benefits of the keto diet and results in long-lasting positive effects. The patient is advised to increase carbohydrates portions slowly to avoid an increase in weight. Being honest and consistent with yourself is the main key to the success of the diet.
No, ketosis and ketoacidosis are not the same.
● Ketosis is the metabolic state of the body in which fat is used as an energy source for the body. Fat is broken down into ketones for further use by the body.
● While ketoacidosis is the serious complication of chronic high blood sugar levels and low insulin levels in diabetes. In ketoacidosis, the body starts breaking down fat at a very fast rate resulting in increased ketones and acidity of the blood.
Keto or ketogenic diet changes the energy source of the body from carbohydrates to fat. This results in weight loss as fat present in the body is also utilized for energy by the body. The body starts using fat for energy in absence of carbohydrates in 2-3 weeks after starting the keto diet.
The keto diet is safe and effective when planned carefully considering the medical condition of the patient. Risks associated with the keto diet are:
● Low blood pressure
● Kidney stones
● Nutrient deficiencies
● Risk of heart disease
● Keto flu symptoms like upset stomach, dizziness, decreased energy, and mood swings
● Digestive issues and changes in gut bacteria
Yes, the keto diet is considered a medical diet so medical supervision is recommended as lack of knowledge can lead to unwanted complications. Consulting doctor will prepare the diet plan according to the lifestyle, diet, age and medical condition of the patient for effective and safe weight loss results.
When the body starts breaking fat into ketones, it causes:
● Bad breath or fruity smell breath due to the presence of ketones
● Weight loss as fat is used for energy
● Increased ketone levels in blood and urine
● Increased focus and energy
● Temporary fatigue
● Hunger suppression
● Insomnia temporarily
● Temporary constipation or diarrhoea
Weight loss due to the keto diet can be maintained for the long term by following an active lifestyle and diet. Quality and quantity of food matters especially in people who can gain weight easily. The patient is given instructions on how to manage their diet after keto diet weight loss. Also, if needed, the keto diet can be repeated under medical guidance.
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