Breast Cancer how to do self-examination
Self-examination is one of the easiest way to identify symptoms of Breast Cancer. Research says that 90% of the women find about lump formations, cyst, changes in the appearance, texture, temperature, contour, color, etc via self-examination process.
So let us understand more about these symptoms and how to identify them and how to detect the early signs of Breast Cancer which could affect our lives fatally
Breast self-examination is the process of physical inspection of the breasts performed by yourself on your own to know more about you’re the health of your girls (breasts) and to be more aware about the changes with age and changes in hormones.
Early detection of the symptoms of a disease always helps as it increase the chances of treating the same more successfully. While there is no single way of detecting breast cancer institutions like Breastcancer.org believes that performing breast self-exam in combination with other screening methods can increase the odds of early detection.
Why is a breast self-examination done?
Self-examination is done to understand the unusual feel and the appearance of your breasts. If you notice something abnormal or one of your breasts is appearing very different from the other one, you can consult a GP who would perform physical examination followed by Ultrasound scanning and if the symptoms prevail proceed with mammogram.
Let us see how to do self-examination:
The first step is to stand in front of the mirror:
Stand in the front of the mirror, undressed from the waist up in a well-lit room. Look at your breasts, check out the size or shape; they should appear similar and equal in size. But most breasts are not, so if this one does not fit you, it is okay.
Now you can put your arm by the sides in a relaxed position: see if there are any changes in typically shape, contours, position of the two. You also need to check the skin of the breasts, if there is any discoloration, dimpling, puckering, or sores in it. Look for everything you can feel, see, and detect as much as possible.
Now turn to nipples:
Check your nipples. Thoroughly notice the color, if there is any change in the direction of the nipples. Also, look for any sort of peeling around or any sores. This also tells a lot about the breast’s health. Also, rest your hands on the hips and firmly press to flex the chest muscles. Mostly women’s left and right breasts do not match. So, look for other abnormal things.
Now, you need to raise your arms and try to look for the same things in the breasts.
When you are looking at the mirror, look for the signs if there is any fluid coming from any of the nipples. The fluid may be watery, yellowish, milky, or even blood may be there.
The next thing you can do to examine is: lie down and feel your breast. Take your right hand to feel the left breast and take the left hand to feel the right one. Make sure the touch of your hand is very firm and smooth with your fingertips. Keep the fingers together, and keep them straight.
Try to cover the entire breast from one side to another, left side to right side. Cover from the collarbone to the start of your abdomen and also from the armpit to the cleavage. You have to follow a pattern to be fully sure by covering the whole breast. Move-in circular motions creating larger circles and reach the outer edge of the breasts try to use the up and down motion approach as it works best for most women. To check the tissue in the breasts. Start from feeling the tissue from the front to the back of the breasts, then use light to medium pressure for the tissue which is in the middle of the breasts.
The final step is to feel the breasts while you are sitting or standing. The easy way to identify any of the symptoms are when the body is wet and is slippery while taking the shower.
By trying these simple self-examination tips, you can definitely find out if there are any abnormal and unusual symptoms. As such, you should always consult a doctor if you find anything unusual, as knowing the signs and symptoms related to breast cancer can really play a crucial role in prevention.